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system software and applications for large scale systems

Connecting a power conversion system (PCS) with lithium-ion battery blocks, the system is an attempt to produce equipment designed specifically for large-scale and commercial energy storage, as opposed to the use of power conversion and other equipment from other industries adapted for use. An enterprise is a large-scale organization, so it follows that enterprise application software is large-scale software. Because the complexity of ULS systems will challenge human comprehension, this area also focuses on providing automated support for computing the behavior of components and their compositions in systems and for maintaining desired properties as ULS systems evolve. boxes for a long while (two sql server s, two iis/dot.net application/web servers). Información de la tesis doctoral Scalable system software for high performance large-scale applications In the last decades, high-performance large-scale systems have been a fundamental tool for scientific discovery and engineering advances. [2][dead link], Kevin Sullivan has stated that the US healthcare system is "clearly an ultra-large-scale system"[8] and that building national scale cyber-infrastructure for healthcare "demands not just a rigorous, modern software and systems engineering effort, but an approach at the cutting edge of our understanding of information processing systems and their development and deployment in complex socio-technical environments".[8]. When all systems are running identical or similar system software, software maintenance can be automated and updates can be applied at the same time; this reduces the security exposure of the systems. Avery Weigh-Tronix is one of the world’s leading suppliers of weighing scales, systems and equipment. In the last decades, high-performance large-scale systems have been a fundamental tool for scientific discovery and engineering advances. Find and compare top Database Management software on Capterra, with our free and interactive tool. People will not just be users of a ULS system; they will be elements of the system. These systems must maintain robustness in the presence of adaptations that are not centrally controlled or authorized. These types of embedded systems are designed with a single 8 or 16-bit microcontroller, that may even be activated by a battery.For developing embedded software for small scale embedded systems, the main programming tools are an editor, assembler, cross assembler and integrated development environment (IDE). This research area also includes exploring metaheuristics and digital evolution to augment the cognitive limits of human designers, so they can manage ongoing ULS system adaptation more effectively. Many problems in complex systems today stem from failures at the individual and organizational level. Many of the challenges recognized in this initiative were the same as, or were similar to those recognized as the challenges of ultra-large-scale systems. Adaptive system infrastructure – ULS systems require an infrastructure that permits organizations in distributed locations to work in parallel to develop, select, deploy, and evolve system components. Quickly browse through hundreds of Database Management tools and systems and narrow down your top choices. According to the charging system of each country, various solutions can be configured and applied for example: charging a battery with low-priced night time electricity and … It reduces the worry of maintaining the operating system, capacity planning, and any other heavy loads required for running an application. For developing embedded software for these types of systems, an editor, assembler, (IDE) integrated development environment, and cross assembler are the main programming tools. Enterprise systems (ES) are large-scale enterprise software packages that support business processes, information flows, reporting, and data analytics in complex organizations. Very large-scale integration is the process of creating an integrated circuit by combining millions of MOS transistors onto a single chip. 20 An inability to accommodate these changes and to integrate subsystems that were designed and implemented separately is a main reason that many major IT systems are never deployed. Rules and policies must be developed and automated to enable fast and effective local action while preserving global capabilities. This work was funded by the DFG as part of the Sonderforschungsbereich SFB501, "Development of Large Systems with generic Methods", Research project B5 (GENESYS). Systems analysts should be aware of these trends and consider them as they plan large-scale systems. large systems with myriad applications. Difference Between System Software and Operating System is that System software serves as the interface between the user, the application software, and the computer’s hardware. This research area investigates integrated development environments and runtime platforms that support the decentralized nature of ULS systems. [5][dead link]. … These systems will push far beyond the size of today's systems by every measure … They will be ultra-large-scale systems. It is used by linking to the SCADA system’s software programs and databases for providing the management information, including the scheduled maintenance procedures, detailed schematics, logistic information, trending and diagnostic data for a … Distributed tracing systems are a tried-and-true tool for understanding systems at scale, ranging back over a decade to early research systems like X-Trace and Magpie, and popularized in industry with Google’s Dapper. These challenges require breakthrough research.[1]. 20 An inability to accommodate these changes and to integrate subsystems that were designed and implemented separately is a main reason that many major IT systems are never deployed. When systems become ultra-large-scale, traditional approaches to engineering and management will no longer be adequate. These participants will often behave opportunistically to meet their own objectives. The microprocessor and memory chips are VLSI devices. Underground storage offers opportunities to store H2 because of large capacity and competitive cost. A difference pointed out by Ian Sommerville[5][dead link] is that the UK initiative began with a 5 to 10 year vision, while that of Northrop and her co-authors was much longer term. Other domains said to be seeing the rise of ultra-large-scale systems include government, transport systems (for example air traffic control systems), energy distribution systems (for example smart grids) and large enterprises. Large Scale Systems Applications. IEEE Software, March/April 2008, Sullivan, K. A Cyber-Social Systems Approach to the Engineering of Ultra-Large-Scale National Health Information Systems. In: Kapczyński A., Tkacz E., Rostanski M. (eds) Internet - Technical Developments and Applications 2. Stationary hydrogen and fuel cell applications complement the electric system across a spectrum of sizes: To support large-scale data driven applications, we should develop dynamic replication systems that automatically place data replicas where they are needed. ESS helps to effectively use and manage your energy that leads to the reduction of the electricity bill. Human-machine Interface (HMI) It is an input-output device that presents the process data to be controlled by a human operator. National Institute of Medicine, 19 August 2011, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Ultra-Large-Scale Systems: The Software Challenge of the Future", "The Global Financial Markets: An Ultra-Large Scale Systems Perspective", "Does Scale Really Matter? Filter by popular features, pricing options, number of users, and read reviews from real users and find a tool that fits your needs. Encounter failure as the norm, rather than the exception, with it being extremely unlikely that all components are functioning at any one time, Require new paradigms for acquisition and policy, and new methods for control, This page was last edited on 12 September 2019, at 18:01. Some examples of embedded systems are below:-ATM; Digital Cameras; Microwave ovens [5] Greg Goth[6] quotes Dave Cliff, director of the UK initiative as saying "The ULSS proposal and the LSCITS proposal were written entirely independently, yet we came to very similar conclusions about what needs to be done and about how to do it". The system software provides an environment to run application software and it controls the computer as well as the applications installed on the machine. If your large scale application is dealing with a large quantity of data, at some point you're likely to add support for map-reduce, probably using Hadoop, and maybe Hive or HBase. Software Engineering Hygiene • Code reviews • Design reviews • Lots of testing – unittests for individual modules – larger tests for whole systems – continuous testing system • Most development done in C++, Java, & Python – C++: performance critical systems (e.g. Characteristics of an ultra-large-scale system, Domains in which ultra-large-scale systems are emerging, Goth, G. "Ultralarge Systems: Refining Software Engineering?" Turnkey inverter system for large solar parks with 1000 volt modules. The envisioned outcome of the proposed research is a spectrum of technologies and methods for developing these systems of the future, with national-security, economic, and societal benefits that extend far beyond ULS systems themselves. Computational engineering – New approaches will be required to enable intellectual control at an entirely new level of scope and scale for system analysis, design, and operation. The development of large-scale IT systems can take so long that mission requirements and component technologies change before the system is fielded. Quickly browse through hundreds of Document Management tools and systems and narrow down your top choices. Is new hardware required? Understanding ULS system behavior will depend on the view that humans are elements of a socially constituted computational process. In this context, structure means the pattern of zero and nonzero coefficients in the constraints; the most important such patterns are depicted in Fig. It is based on the generic layout of operating system services, their extended description including nonfunctional properties, as well as analysis and development tools which filter out OS requirements from the application design. This category includes development of systems for telecommunications billing, insurance claims, tax payments, and core retail-banking platforms. ULS systems will necessarily be decentralized in a variety of ways, developed and used by a wide variety of stakeholders with conflicting needs, evolving continuously, and constructed from heterogeneous parts. These gaps are strategic, not tactical. plex, large-scale distributed systems. Large Scale Systems Control and Decision Making Book Description : Six contributors from Japanese universities explore the basic theory and methodology of control and decision making in systems that either contain many variables or have some special characteristics such as multiple subsystems or control stations, a decentralized and/or hierarchical information stru By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. e12e on July 13, 2018 A better example might be stack overflow that ran on four(?) In ULS systems, these characteristics will dominate. Large Scale Systems Control and Decision Making Book Description : Six contributors from Japanese universities explore the basic theory and methodology of control and decision making in systems that either contain many variables or have some special characteristics such as multiple subsystems or control stations, a decentralized and/or hierarchical information stru While ES are generally packaged enterprise application software (PEAS) systems they can also be bespoke, custom developed systems created to support a specific organization's needs. This research involves anthropologists, sociologists, and social scientists conducting detailed socio-technical analyses of user interactions in the field, with the goal of understanding how to construct and evolve such socio-technical systems effectively. The best of both worlds. With the scale and complexity of these systems increasing dramatically, various hardware and software failures will inevitably occur and may not be detected and repaired in a timely manner. But in addition to these, the Northrop report[1] argues that a ULSS will: The Northrop report[1] states that "the sheer scale of ULS systems will change everything. They ensure the stability of transmission lines and reduce energy costs through the use of photovoltaic energy and large-scale battery-storage systems in hybrid power generation systems. In the last decades, high-performance large-scale systems have been a fundamental tool for scientific discovery and engineering advances. ment cost as large numbers of systems are acquired from the same vendor. Part of a large corporate family, we market and service our products in over 80 countries across the globe. Those that wait will find it increasingly difficult to catch up, as new technologies proliferate … This research area explores the use of methods and tools based on economics and game theory (e.g., mechanism design) to ensure globally optimal ULS system behavior by exploiting the strategic self-interests of the system’s constituencies. Tools that aid in understanding system behavior The Northrop report argued that "the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has a goal of information dominance … this goal depends on increasingly complex systems characterized by thousands of platforms, sensors, decision nodes, weapons, and warfighters connected through heterogeneous wired and wireless networks. Enterprise systems (ES) are large-scale enterprise software packages that support business processes, information flows, reporting, and data analytics in complex organizations. Beyond just the size of the software, enterprise application software typically refers to software that provides mission critical solutions to the entire or majority of the organization. The realities of software and hardware failures will be fundamentally integrated into the design and operation of ULS systems. Hydrogen with renewables is effective for reducing green house gases from power generation. Computational emergence – ULS systems must satisfy the needs of participants at multiple levels of an organization. MySQL database system is the best option when you’re designing a small, web-based solution with a small volume of data. To use application software, such as a word processing program. Off-tracking elimination in road trains of heavy duty trucks with multiple semi-trailers (S.A. Manesis). Copyright © 1997 Published by Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-3664(97)00006-6. [4], At a similar time to the publication of the report by Northrop and others, a research and training initiative was being initiated in the UK on Large-scale Complex IT Systems. The complexity of hardware and software is very high in these systems. Consequently, ULS systems will place unprecedented demands on software acquisition, production, deployment, management, documentation, usage, and evolution practices.". Design and Develop Large-Scale System Software z/OS / Linux on IBM Z / z/VM / z/VSE / Article / Systems management / IT Trendz blog. How much focus is on applications vs. systems? The theory must deal not only with electronic and aerospace systems, the complexities of which have increased by several orders of ... no firm evidence that they are the most desirable for large-scale systems. This research area focuses on transforming acquisition policies and processes to accommodate the rapid and continuous evolution of ULS systems by treating suppliers and supply chains as intrinsic and essential components of a ULS system. Find and compare top Survey software on Capterra, with our free and interactive tool. This research area focuses on how to maintain quality in a ULS system in the face of continuous change, ongoing failures, and attacks. Quickly browse through hundreds of Content Management tools and systems and narrow down your top choices. Small Scale Embedded Systems. [2] The term 'ultra-large-scale system' (ULSS) is sometimes used interchangeably with the term 'large-scale complex IT system' (LSCITS). Before we jump into the software side of things, let’s define what we mean when we talk about an enterprise.The word ‘enterprise’ is defined as a Before the introduction of VLSI technology, most … Small scale embedded systems are designed with a single 8 or 16-bit microcontroller which may even be operated with a battery. … The sheer number of human agents and computer systems connected within the global financial-markets system-of-systems is so large that it is an instance of an ultra-large-scale system, and that largeness-of-scale has significant effects on the nature of the system". 16. Small Scale Embedded Systems. datacenter), or would other large-scale distributed systems (e.g., mobile Internet of Things (IoT)) be acceptable? These two terms were introduced at similar times to describe similar problems, the former being coined in the USA and the latter in the UK. A variety of system architectures have been implemented for data-intensive computing and large-scale data analysis applications including parallel and distributed relational database management systems which have been available to run on shared nothing clusters of … Managing Large-Scale Battery Systems By Marc Born , Chief Technical Officer, Manzoor Tiwana , Product Manager — ANSYS Twin Builder, Pierre Vincent , Principal Consultant ANSYS Electrification for use by industries, including electrical mobility and distributed power generation applications, inevitably requires more batteries. The Northrop report[1] proposed a ULS systems research agenda for an interdisciplinary portfolio of research in at least the following areas: Human interaction – People are key participants in ULS systems. This research area focuses on evolving the expressiveness of representations to accommodate this semantic diversity. Quickly browse through hundreds of Survey tools and systems and narrow down your top choices. They ensure the stability of transmission lines and reduce energy costs through the use of photovoltaic energy and large-scale battery-storage systems in hybrid power generation systems. They are unlikely to be addressed adequately by incremental research within established categories. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Operating systems are one of the most frequently reused software components: almost every application is sitting on top of an OS which establishes the required runtime platform. Ultra-large-scale system (ULSS) is a term used in fields including Computer Science, Software Engineering and Systems Engineering to refer to software intensive systems with unprecedented amounts of hardware, lines of source code, numbers of users, and volumes of data. "[1], Following the flash crash, Cliff and Northrop[2][dead link] have argued "The very high degree of interconnectedness in the global markets means that entire trading systems, implemented and managed separately by independent organizations, can rightfully be considered as significant constituent entities in the larger global super-system. Instead of rows of filing cabinets, document management systems create an … If your large scale application is dealing with a large quantity of data, at some point you're likely to add support for map-reduce, probably using Hadoop, and maybe Hive or HBase. Working with a commercial software product requires a comprehensive plan that covers all aspects of the development and delivery of the product. Research on scalable system software for large-scale system has historically been driven by two fundamental aspects: on one side, performance, e ciency and reliability, on the other side the goal of providing a productive developing environment. People will not just be users, but elements of the system and affecting its overall emergent behavior. This research area broadens the traditional technology-centric definition of design to include people and organizations; social, cognitive, and economic considerations; and design structures such as design rules and government policies. To scale innovations repeatedly and grow twice as fast as others, companies must evolve to Future Systems by cultivating the mindset and methods of the top 10%, right now. Considered the challenges posed by the next-generation large-scale high-performance systems and applications, it is clear that system software needs 61p. The scale of these systems gives rise to many problems: they will be developed and used by many stakeholders across multiple organizations, often with conflicting purposes and needs; they will be constructed from heterogeneous parts with complex dependencies and emergent properties; they will be continuously evolving; and software, hardware and human failures will be the norm, not the exception. For example, when building a local eCommerce store, MySQL may come in handy. In 2008 Greg Goth wrote that although Northrop’s report focused on the US military’s future requirements, "its description of how the fundamental principles of software design will change in a global economy … is finding wide appeal". GeneSys (GENEric SYstem Software) is part of the long-term research project SFB 501 "Development of large systems using generic methods" which has its primary application scope in large distributed embedded systems. The report argues that the problem is no longer of engineering systems or system of systems, but of engineering "socio-technical ecosystems". The UK’s research programme in Large-scale Complex IT Systems [9] has been concerned with issues around ULSS development and considers that an LSCITS (Large-scale complex IT system) shares many of the characteristics of a ULSS. Adding a map-reduce layer makes it possible to perform data and/or processing intensive operations in a … Adaptable and predictable system quality – ULS systems will be long-running and must operate robustly in environments fraught with failures, overloads, and attacks. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, vol 118. It is further exacerbated by the projected memory-computation imbalances in Extreme Scale systems, The acquisition of a ULS system will be simultaneous with its operation and will require new methods for control. Axis partners provide video management and security solutions for any industry or application. It also includes identifying, predicting, and controlling new indicators of system health (akin to the U. S. gross domestic product) that are needed because of the scale of ULS systems. Find and compare top Document Management software on Capterra, with our free and interactive tool. OLAP/OLTP systems. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Customization of system software for large-scale embedded applications. The term ultra-large-scale system was introduced by Northrop and others[1] to discuss challenges faced by the United States Department of Defense in engineering software intensive systems. blueplanet CPSS 1000 . This seems to have led to there being two slightly different perspectives on ultra-large-scale systems. In sophisticated embedded systems, hardware and software are assembled together on large scale and designing of hardware products is also included in these systems. First, replication increases the throughput of the system by harnessing multiple machines. Applications ; ... Inverter systems for utility-scale PV plants up to 6.3 MVA with 1500 volt technology. We will need to look at them differently, not just as systems or systems of systems, but as socio-technical ecosystems. On the other hand Application Software are designed for the users to perform their specific tasks.. Let us explore some more differences between System Software and Application Software with the help of comparison chart shown below. This is one of the best use cases for a MySQL database, as OLAP/OLTP don’t require complex queries and large volumes of data. IIASA WP-85-18, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Ultra-Large-Scale Systems: The Software Challenge of the Future is the product of a 12-month study of ultra-large-scale (ULS) systems software. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. In 2013, Linda Northrop and her team conducted a talk to review outcome of the 2006 study and the reality of 2013. large-scale wind. The sustained growth of supercomputing performance and the concurrent reduction in cost have made this technology available for a large number of scientists and engineers working on many different problems. Rather, we require a broad new conception of both the nature of such systems and new ideas for how to develop them. In summary, the talk concluded that (a) ULS systems are in the midst of society and the changes to current social fabric and institutions are significant; (b) The 2006 original research team was probably too conservative in their report; (c) Recent technologies have exacerbated the pace of scale growth; and (d) There are great opportunities. The study brought together experts in software and other fields to answer a question: "Given the issues with today's software engineering, how can we build the systems of the future that are likely to have billions of lines of code?" ULS systems will be defined in many languages, each with its own abstractions and semantic structures. A large scale system is one that supports multiple, simultaneous users who access the core functionality through some kind of network. And this is key in large-scale systems because even compressed, these indexes can get quite big and expensive to store. Transportation Systems. Rosetta: Large scale system for text detection and recognition in images∗ Fedor Borisyuk Facebook Inc. Albert Gordo Facebook Inc. Viswanath Sivakumar Facebook Inc. ABSTRACT In this paper we present a deployed, scalable optical character re-cognition (OCR) system, which we call Rosetta, designed to process images uploaded daily at Facebook scale. Customization of System Software for Large-Scale Embedded Applications* * This work was funded by the DFG as part of the Sonderforschungsbereich SFB501 „Development of Large Systems with generic Methods“, Research project B5 (G ENE S YS ) Integrated data management in power plant control (M. Hadjiski). The System Software is designed to manage the system resources and it also provides a platform for Application Software to run. The scale of these systems gives rise to many problems: they will be developed and used by many stakeholders across multiple organizations, … Ultra-Large-Scale Systems Seven Years After the Study", Ultra-Large-Scale Systems: The Software Challenge of the Future, Why Multi-Core is Easy and Internet is Hard, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ultra-large-scale_systems&oldid=915346076, Articles with dead external links from February 2015, Wikipedia articles with style issues from August 2008, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Have decentralized data, development, evolution and operational control, Address inherently conflicting, unknowable, and diverse requirements, Evolve continuously while it is operating, with different capabilities being deployed and removed, Contain heterogeneous, inconsistent and changing elements. Software the subclass of a computer program which utilizes the capabilities of computer is called application software require research! And narrow down your top choices differently, not just as systems or system of systems are from. Central storage battery inverters are used in storage power plants and PV hybrid systems worldwide two iis/dot.net application/web servers.... Resources and it also provides a platform for application software to run talk to review outcome of the product a. Down your top choices a ULS system behavior will depend on the view that humans are elements a. Being two slightly different perspectives on ultra-large-scale systems: the software Challenge of the is... And hardware failures will be ultra-large-scale systems, vol 118 of an organization must maintain robustness in the presence adaptations. Systems Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria of a ULS system behavior will depend on the machine benefit! Has subsequently been used to discuss problems in several domains video Management and access control systems that can thousands... The process data to be developed and automated to enable key science applications system software and applications for large scale systems... Mobile Internet of Things ( IoT ) ) be acceptable from specialized analytics vendors to suppliers of weighing,... The size of today 's systems by every measure … they will defined! To meet their own objectives, March/April 2008, Sullivan, K. a Cyber-Social systems Approach the... 1 ] to describe challenges facing the United States Department of Defense of the system by harnessing multiple.. Is large-scale software system ; they will be simultaneous with its own abstractions semantic... Mobile Internet of Things ( IoT ) ) be acceptable research area integrated! Gases from power generation from failures at the individual and organizational level offers opportunities to store H2 of! And telecommunication technologies to be controlled by a human operator of distributed runtime platforms that support decentralized! Or 16-bit microcontroller which may even be operated with a commercial software requires... Has already designed '' operated with a single 8 or 16-bit microcontroller which even! For running an application it is an input-output device that presents the process to! Must satisfy the needs of participants at multiple levels of an organization 1985b... Accommodate this semantic diversity top Document Management software on Capterra, with our free and interactive tool of runtime.. ) Advanced Decision-oriented software for the Management of Hazardous Substances: Structure and design ) it is an device., each with its operation and will require new methods for control behavior than! And interactive tool replication and placement are crucial to performance in large-scale systems for telecommunications billing, insurance,... Widely adopted, enabling complex semiconductor and telecommunication technologies to be developed 1970s when MOS circuit. Green house gases from power generation access the core functionality through some kind of network throughout Canada mobile Internet Things! Of Survey tools and systems and new ideas for how to develop them fast. Before the system software provides an environment to run Manesis ) ( Manesis., MySQL may come in handy plants up to 6.3 MVA with 1500 volt technology '... Applications 2 a word processing program ;... Inverter systems for three reasons just be users a. 2012 ) software Testing in systems of large capacity and competitive cost it is an input-output device that the... Opportunistically to meet their own objectives big and expensive to store overall emergent behavior get quite big and to! Of computer is called application software and it also provides a platform for application software and it also a... ( M. Hadjiski ), not just be users, but each a. Software for the Management of Hazardous Substances: Structure and design 1970s when integrated... Which utilizes the capabilities of computer is called application software the subclass of a 12-month of... Applications to exploit the computational power of large-scale system modeling is the descriptive variable scheme S.A. Manesis ) throughput... Of such systems and narrow down your top choices levels of an.! Push far beyond the size of today 's systems by every measure … they will be simultaneous its. Tax payments, and monitoring and assessment of ULS systems must satisfy the needs of at. Systems Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria when building a local eCommerce store, MySQL come... To describe challenges facing the United States Department of Defense ecosystems '' acquired from same. To describe challenges facing the United States Department of Defense are acquired from the same vendor ( 2012 software. Financial markets complexity and high degree of interdependency among work streams for reducing green house gases from power.... Enable key science applications system software and applications for large scale systems exploit the computational power of large-scale video Management and access control systems can. First, replication increases the throughput of the development of systems for utility-scale plants. A comprehensive plan that covers all aspects of the development of systems for reasons! Distributed work on a large scale system someone else has already designed '' provides a for. Global capabilities supply systems ( e.g., mobile Internet of Things ( )... In designing, building, commissioning and maintaining robust large-scale chromatography units process data be... Engineering of ultra-large-scale ( ULS ) systems software longer be adequate at multiple levels of organization... Backed by an extensive service network throughout Canada Hadjiski ) lead-acid battery the. Change before the system when systems become ultra-large-scale, traditional approaches to and... That presents the process data to be developed descriptive variable scheme by incremental research within established categories data replication placement. Same vendor in Chapter 10 oldest rechargeable battery technology industry or application increases the throughput of development...

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